U.S. Coast Guard
USCG Reserve Enlisted Accessions
Chapter 8
 
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In FY 1999, the USCG Reserve accessed a total of 2,313 new enlisted personnel up from 1,813 in FY 1998. Of these, 448 (19 percent) had no prior military experience, and 1,865 (81 percent) had served in the Armed Forces previously.

Race/Ethnicity and Gender. Compared to the overall DoD, USCG Reserve enlisted accessions were more likely to be White, as shown in Table 8.10. In FY 1999, 76 percent of USCG Reserve NPS enlisted accessions were male and 24 percent were female (Appendix E, Table E-25), comparable to the overall DoD Reserve Component (likewise 76 percent male and 24 percent female).

Table 8.10. Race/Ethnicity by Gender of FY 1999 USCG and DoD Reserve Component Enlisted Accessions and Civilians (Percent)

Race/Ethnicity

Coast Guard

DoD

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

NON-PRIOR SERVICE

White

78.5

69.7

76.3

72.9

60.6

70.0

Black

8.6

11.0

9.2

13.8

27.0

16.9

Hispanic

5.9

6.4

6.0

7.7

6.6

7.5

Other

7.1

12.8

8.5

5.6

5.8

5.7

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

PRIOR SERVICE

White

82.2

84.1

82.4

70.3

56.5

67.9

Black

4.0

6.7

4.3

17.4

32.2

20.0

Hispanic

7.4

5.4

7.2

7.3

6.2

7.1

Other

6.4

3.8

6.1

5.0

5.1

5.0

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

TOTAL ACCESSIONS

White

81.5

79.6

81.2

71.3

58.4

68.7

Black

4.8

8.0

5.3

16.1

29.8

18.8

Hispanic

7.2

5.7

7.0

7.4

6.4

7.2

Other

6.5

6.6

6.5

5.2

5.4

5.3

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1824/2039 Year-Old Non-Institutionalized Civilians

White

Black

Hispanic

Other

Total

Male

Female

65.7/69.3

14.2/12.8

15.2/13.1

4.9/4.8

100.0

49.8/53.7

50.2/46.3

Columns may not add to total due to rounding.
Also see Appendix Tables C-3 (NPS Selected Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Race/Ethnicity, Component, and Gender), C-11 (Prior Service Selected Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Race/Ethnicity, Component, and Gender), E-25 (NPS Coast Guard Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Race/Ethnicity and Gender), and e-29 (Prior Service Coast Guard Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Race/Ethnicity and Gender).


Educational Attainment.
Table 8.11 shows that 86 percent of FY 1999 USCG Reserve accessions had earned high school diplomas compared with 96 percent active Coast Guard NPS accessions and 92 percent of overall DoD Reserve accessions. The USCG Reserve accessed more individuals, proportionally, with GEDs than did the overall DoD. Relative to the comparable civilian group, USCG Reserve enlisted accessions were more likely to have high school credentials.

Table 8.11. Education Level of FY 1999 USCG and DoD Reserve Component Accessions and Civilians (Percent)

Education Level

Coast Guard

DoD

Civilian Comparison*

NON-PRIOR SERVICE RESERVE COMPONENT ACCESSIONS

Tier 1: Regular High School Graduate or Higher

87.7

87.3

78.8**

Tier 2: GED, Alternative Credentials

11.8

5.4

Tier 3: No Credentials

0.5

7.3

21.2

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

College Experience (Part of Tier 1)

17.9

4.8

45.9

PRIOR SERVICE RESERVE COMPONENT ACCESSIONS

Tier 1: Regular High School Graduate or Higher

85.9

94.9

89.3**

Tier 2: GED, Alternative Credentials

13.6

3.3

Tier 3: No Credentials

0.5

1.8

10.7

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

College Experience (Part of Tier 1)

21.7

8.4

60.0

TOTAL RESERVE COMPONENT ACCESSIONS

Tier 1: Regular High School Graduate or Higher

86.3

92.0

 

Tier 2: GED, Alternative Credentials

13.2

4.1

Tier 3: No Credentials

0.5

3.9

Total

100.0

100.0

College Experience (Part of Tier 1)

21.0

7.1

Columns may not add to total due to rounding.
* NPS civilian comparison is 1824 year-old civilians; prior service civilian comparison is 2039 year-old civilian labor force.
** Civilian numbers/percentages for education combine Tiers 1 and 2 as civilian data include GED certificates with high school graduate rates.
Also see Appendix Tables C-7 (NPS Selected Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Education, Component, and Gender), C-13 (Prior Service Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Education, Component, and Race/Ethnicity), E-27 (NPS Coast Guard Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Education, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity), and E-30 (Prior Service Coast Guard Reserve Enlisted Accessions by Education, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity).


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